Mr Petros Aristodemou · Ophthalmic and Vitreoretinal Surgeon 

+357 25 87 87 88

 


 Photobiomodulation Therapy

for Dry AMD

Valeda - Lumithera (USA)


Photobiomodulation therapy using the Valeda device by Lumithera (USA) has been tested in clinical trialss and demonstrated to benefit specific subtypes of Dry AMD. This is the only approved treatment for Dry AMD in Europe, apart from the use of specialized vitamin supplements.  
For the latest published study, click here. There are other clinical studies in progress, such as LIGHTSITE ΙΙΙ και η ELECTROLIGHT
For the EU approval of Valeda for Dry AMD press here.


General Information 

When a patient is found to have significant Drusen or Geographic Atrophy, treatment with Valeda using illumination with light of specific wavelengths modulate cellular mechanisms aimimng to improve cell survival at the macula. 
The treatment is non-invasive, pain free and without any risk for complications. Each treatment session lasts around 5 minutes. During treatment, the eye is illuminated  with yellow light for 35 seconds, then the eye remains closed for 90 seconds while it is illuminated by red and near infrared light, followed again by another sequence of 35 seconds of yellow light and 90 seconds of red and near infrared light, as shown below
The treatment protocol involves three treatment sessions per week for 3 consecutive weeks (9 sessions in total). Το θεραπευτικό πρωτόκολλο προνοεί 3 συνεδρίες τη βδομάδα για 3 συνεχόμενες βδομάδες (9 συνεδρίες στο σύνολο).  This treatment (9 sesssions) is repeated every 4 months, which can later be extended to 6 months dependning on the treatment response. The clinical data so far show that drusen volume is reduced over time (in contrast with the natural increase of drusen over time). So far, no commplications have been reported, nor it increases the risk for Wet AMD. 

Mechanism of Action of Photobiomodulation   

Wavelengths of light at 590 nm (yellow) 660 nm (red) and 850 nm (near infraared) induce specific cellular responses which include improved metabolic responses, reduction of oxidative stress, reduction in programmed cell death and increased survival of photoreceptors.    
In Dry AMD,  the changes that we can observe at the macula using the slit lamp microscope or the OCT scan the macular dysfunction have been evolving for many years before the patient first notices any problems with their vision. The treatment aims at restoring specific aspects of this cellular dysfunction thus slowing down the progress of the disease and the accumulation of cellular debris  (drusen). As the tendency for deterioration persists due to age and genetic predisposition, treatment sessions continue every 4 to 6 months indefinitely.